Now in its third year, these HAZOP/LOPA studies have covered a large group of facilities in Kazakhstan.

Work continues on a SIL study for a major pipeline project in Thailand.

SIL-rated process safety functions are now commonplace, and as an extension of this many users are specifying SIL-rated fire (and gas) safety functions. Perhaps this is without an adequate understanding that there are significant differences in the design and implementation of fire (and gas) safety functions – differences that can make it difficult to achieve even SIL 1 safety performance.